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25 Ocak 2018 Perşembe

Too many graduates are mismatched to their jobs. What's going wrong?

Too many graduates are mismatched to their jobs. What's going wrong?
Students often aren’t aware of their own skills and experience, or what different jobs require. They need more meaningful careers advice.

Advice about the art of interview preparation and how to craft the perfect CV isn’t enough to put every student on a path to a career they want. About one in three graduates end up being “mismatched” to the jobs they find after leaving university, research [pdf] by Universities UK suggests.

These mismatched graduates face poorer prospects and lower earnings than their peers who embark on careers that are a better fit for the knowledge and skills they have acquired through three or four years of study. It suggests that traditional careers advice isn’t working.
Are students taking the wrong courses?

The problem isn’t necessarily that too many students are taking the wrong course. There is little evidence that graduates are studying the “wrong” subjects, according to the UUK research, since most are on courses that offer subject knowledge and employability skills that are very much in demand.

Instead, students need better careers advice that will help them define their skills and attributes – and understand how these match different career options. Students also need help finding out which skills they’ll need to break into certain industries – particularly in sectors that aren’t good at diversifying their recruitment, or when they have no family or social network of contacts to call on for help and advice.

Politicians complain of a skills gap, but graduates face an “experience gap” – with many employers preferring to recruit young people who have spent a couple of years in the workplace rather than raw recruitments from university. Yet graduates have often picked up at university many of the soft skills that employers are looking for in more experienced recruits – they just don’t know it yet. 

How can universities help?

To help graduates find the right jobs for them, lots of universities are experimenting with new ways to make their careers advice more accessible and meaningful. 

Graduates have often picked up the soft skills that employers are looking for – they just don’t know it yet

At the University of Kent, students can use an online Careers Explorer service to match their skills to career options, and a work-study scheme that provides bursaries for work experience. Students at the University of Dundee can take employability modules in parallel with their academic work, including online and personal career planning sessions. Queen Mary’s QConsultprogramme, meanwhile, turns students into advisers on “mini consultancy projects” for small businesses and charities in London.

At Norwich University of the Arts, we are gamifying careers support. We’ve developed a careers card game called Profile, which provides students with a deck of cards in which half describe skills and attributes, and the other half describe workplace scenarios which require different tactics to resolve them.

Students are asked to match skills cards to the scenarios – and think about how that applies to them and the best approach to overcome practical problems. It makes them aware of the skills they already have, and the ones they’ll need in the workplace.

As Profile wears the clothes of a game, it’s a level playing field for participants regardless of their background. It is an activity which is safe, bounded by rules, and allows for a type of self-evaluation that is otherwise fraught with difficulty.

With the help of government funding to support skills development, our next step is to turn Profile into a virtual reality experience – giving students a VR contact with the workplace where real access is limited by cost, geography or competition for work experience placements.

This is the practical end of the mounting policy debate about graduate employability and value-for-money in higher education: how can universities support their students towards the right careers?

We should measure our success as universities by the extent to which we help students develop their talents and skills to a point where they are able to access industries and careers that will be fulfilling. Enabling students to play a winning hand after graduation is time and effort well spent.

• Sarah Steed is director of innovation and engagement at Norwich University of the Arts


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